Netflix’s battle cry picks holes in Trump’s growth story

2019年8月30日

① Netflix’s new documentary “American Factory”, the maiden project of Barack and Michelle Obamas’ production company Higher Ground, has opened to rave reviews in Sundance festival and has a shot at the Oscars.

网飞的新纪录片《美国工厂》是奥巴马夫妇创立的高地影片制作公司出品的处女作,该片在圣丹斯国际电影节上映,赢得如潮好评,有望争夺奥斯卡奖项。

② “American Factory” is set in the industrial heartland of the US. Hard done by The Great Recession in 2008, General Motors shut down their truck plant in Ohio, putting around 2,000 employees out of work. Cut to 2015, the founder of Fuyao Glass, Cao Dewang, took over the plant and employed for his first operations in the US around 1,000 locals, who worked alongside the imported Chinese “trainers”.

《美国工厂》的故事发生在美国工业中心地带。受2008年经济大萧条冲击,通用汽车公司关闭了俄亥俄州的汽车厂,导致近2000名员工失业。时间跳转到2015年,福耀玻璃集团创始人曹德旺接手该厂,并为其在美国的初期运营雇佣了大约1000名当地员工与来自中国的“培训师”一同工作。

③ Cao’s attempt to replicate the labor-intensive China model at the factory was met with shock and surprise from the American workers, who were frequently described as inefficient. The Chinese, on the other hand, were scolded for their lax attitudes towards worker welfare.

曹德旺试图在这里复制中国工厂劳动密集型的生产模式,而这让时常被描述为低效的美国工人瞠目结舌。而另一边的中国人,因漠视工人福利同样备受指责。

④ Released into Trump’s America, it takes aim at the growth story peddled by the President, showing how America is not well-equipped to deal with the realities of the new global marketplace. Trump administration’s all show and no go policies and the US-China trade war are not helping matters either.

在特朗普执政的背景下,《美国工厂》瞄准了特朗普兜售的振兴美国大计,暗示着美国面对新近全球化市场的现实情形尚未做足准备,而特朗普政府纸上谈兵的政策以及中美贸易战也并未解决这一问题。

内容拓展:

铁锈地带(Rust Belt)最初指的是美国东北部-五大湖附近,传统工业衰退的地区,现可泛指工业衰退的地区。

Read More

Amazon burns as Brazil government plays with fire

2019年8月28日

① Smoke obscured the skyline of Sao Paulo on August 19 as fires were raging in the Amazon rainforest 1,700 miles away. Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) said that the Amazon region accounted for more than half of the 72,843 fires in the country this year - an 80% increase year on year.

8月19日,浓烟模糊了圣保罗的天际线,此刻大火正在1700英里以外的亚马孙雨林肆虐。巴西国家空间研究所(INPE)表示,今年巴西境内共检测到72843起火灾,比去年同期增加80%,其中亚马孙地带的火灾数量占一半以上。

② Home to an eclectic mix of flora and fauna, the Amazon produces 20% of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere and acts as a counterforce to global warming. It is not without reason that the Amazon is called the “lungs of the planet.”

亚马孙雨林有着丰富多样的动植物种类,释放的氧气占地球大气氧气总量的20%,在对抗全球变暖中扮演重要角色。“地球之肺”的美誉,可谓实至名归。

③ A senior scientist at INPE said 99% of the fires are caused by humans. Environmental groups have called into question the Brazilian government’s attitude towards the largest rainforest on Earth. However, President Jair Bolsonaro assigned the blame on NGOs whom he suspected of having spread the fires to tarnish the government’s international image.

INPE的一名资深研究员称,99%的火灾都是人为造成的。环境组织纷纷质疑巴西政府面对世界最大雨林的不作为态度。然而,巴西总统雅伊尔·博索纳罗却将矛头转向这些非政府组织,怀疑他们故意纵火,抹黑巴西政府的国际形象。

④ During his campaign last year, Bolsonaro had promised to fix Brazil’s economy by tapping into Amazon’s natural resources. Upon assuming office, he relaxed environmental regulations and gave free rein to miners, loggers and farmers to exploit the rainforest to a greater extent. If this aggression continues unchecked, the Amazon could turn into a dry savannah and start releasing instead of absorbing carbon – the biggest driver of climate change.

在去年总统竞选期间,博索纳罗曾承诺通过开发亚马孙自然资源来修复巴西经济。上任后,他放松了环境管制,放任采矿、伐木和耕地等活动进一步剥削雨林资源。如果这类对雨林的入侵活动持续泛滥,亚马孙雨林可能会变成一片干枯的热带草原,其碳吸收的功效不再,转而开始排放温室气体这一导致气候变化的最大元凶。

内容拓展:英语表达的丰富性、灵活度和准确性

Read More

CSP 2017-12-2 游戏

问题描述
  有n个小朋友围成一圈玩游戏,小朋友从1至n编号,2号小朋友坐在1号小朋友的顺时针方向,3号小朋友坐在2号小朋友的顺时针方向,……,1号小朋友坐在n号小朋友的顺时针方向。
  游戏开始,从1号小朋友开始顺时针报数,接下来每个小朋友的报数是上一个小朋友报的数加1。若一个小朋友报的数为k的倍数或其末位数(即数的个位)为k,则该小朋友被淘汰出局,不再参加以后的报数。当游戏中只剩下一个小朋友时,该小朋友获胜。
  例如,当n=5, k=2时:
  1号小朋友报数1;
  2号小朋友报数2淘汰;
  3号小朋友报数3;
  4号小朋友报数4淘汰;
  5号小朋友报数5;
  1号小朋友报数6淘汰;
  3号小朋友报数7;
  5号小朋友报数8淘汰;
  3号小朋友获胜。
  给定n和k,请问最后获胜的小朋友编号为多少?
输入格式
  输入一行,包括两个整数n和k,意义如题目所述。
输出格式
  输出一行,包含一个整数,表示获胜的小朋友编号。
样例输入
5 2
样例输出
3 样例输入
7 3
样例输出
4 数据规模和约定
  对于所有评测用例,1 ≤ n ≤ 1000,1 ≤ k ≤ 9。

Read More