Amazon burns as Brazil government plays with fire

2019年8月28日

① Smoke obscured the skyline of Sao Paulo on August 19 as fires were raging in the Amazon rainforest 1,700 miles away. Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) said that the Amazon region accounted for more than half of the 72,843 fires in the country this year - an 80% increase year on year.

8月19日,浓烟模糊了圣保罗的天际线,此刻大火正在1700英里以外的亚马孙雨林肆虐。巴西国家空间研究所(INPE)表示,今年巴西境内共检测到72843起火灾,比去年同期增加80%,其中亚马孙地带的火灾数量占一半以上。

② Home to an eclectic mix of flora and fauna, the Amazon produces 20% of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere and acts as a counterforce to global warming. It is not without reason that the Amazon is called the “lungs of the planet.”

亚马孙雨林有着丰富多样的动植物种类,释放的氧气占地球大气氧气总量的20%,在对抗全球变暖中扮演重要角色。“地球之肺”的美誉,可谓实至名归。

③ A senior scientist at INPE said 99% of the fires are caused by humans. Environmental groups have called into question the Brazilian government’s attitude towards the largest rainforest on Earth. However, President Jair Bolsonaro assigned the blame on NGOs whom he suspected of having spread the fires to tarnish the government’s international image.

INPE的一名资深研究员称,99%的火灾都是人为造成的。环境组织纷纷质疑巴西政府面对世界最大雨林的不作为态度。然而,巴西总统雅伊尔·博索纳罗却将矛头转向这些非政府组织,怀疑他们故意纵火,抹黑巴西政府的国际形象。

④ During his campaign last year, Bolsonaro had promised to fix Brazil’s economy by tapping into Amazon’s natural resources. Upon assuming office, he relaxed environmental regulations and gave free rein to miners, loggers and farmers to exploit the rainforest to a greater extent. If this aggression continues unchecked, the Amazon could turn into a dry savannah and start releasing instead of absorbing carbon – the biggest driver of climate change.

在去年总统竞选期间,博索纳罗曾承诺通过开发亚马孙自然资源来修复巴西经济。上任后,他放松了环境管制,放任采矿、伐木和耕地等活动进一步剥削雨林资源。如果这类对雨林的入侵活动持续泛滥,亚马孙雨林可能会变成一片干枯的热带草原,其碳吸收的功效不再,转而开始排放温室气体这一导致气候变化的最大元凶。

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A horrible way to die - how Chernobyl recreated a nuclear meltdown

2019 年 6 月 19 日

卫报

讲解人 · Lala

职业双语播音员

资深美音口语培训师

今日导读

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带着问题听讲解

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